This article discusses important differences between the AOBRD system that you are familiar with versus the ELD system that you will be using after transition. This article includes the following topics:
- Reports Differences
- Driver Differences
- Carrier Differences
- ELD Mandatory Requirements In Comparison to AOBRD
For ELD, Ground Traffic Control offers three primary reports:
- Driver Logs
- Unidentified Driving Trips
- Unidentified Driving Events
Unidentified driving is defined as a trip or event that does not have a driver assigned to the movement of the Commercial Motor Vehicle (CMV). With ELD, all movements of a CMV must be assigned to a driver. To access these reports, from the main menu click Reports, then go to Zonar Logs and click Driver Logs. When you are viewing driver logs from the Driver List, a Vehicle Setup tab is available with information about the driver's trailers, loads, power unit number and other details.
For AOBRD, Ground Traffic Control has an HOS Reports section with additional information such as violations.
Additional ELD reports will be available through “Zonar Zoom,” which is a new platform being built to support all reports you have been using and more advanced reports you will enjoy. One of the additions to Zoom is a Compliance Insights dashboard which will support all compliance reports you will need.
The only automatic duty status changes in ELD include the following:
- Automatic Drive: The driver will be immediately put into drive when the vehicle speed exceeds 4.5 mph. There is no minimum distance component as with AOBRD.
- Automatic ON Duty: A 5 minute idle will trigger a 60 second countdown. After the countdown (totaling 6 minutes from motion stop) the driver will be automatically placed in ON Duty.
There are no other automated duty status changes allowed on an ELD. With ELD, drivers own their logs and are responsible for ensuring their accuracy. A driver must certify all edits made to their logs.
Before certifying logs, a driver can add duty status events that were not previously recorded. They cannot add a special duty status like Yard Move or Personal Conveyance, only Off Duty, Sleeper Berth, Drive, and On Duty. When you add a duty status you must make a note explaining the need. If you make a change to a day that has previously been certified, that day will become uncertified, and it will need to be certified again.
When editing logs, the driver can only edit Off Duty, Sleeper berth, and On Duty, they will have to add a note when making an edit. The notes should be enough information anyone reading them can understand the circumstance.
For ELD, the Power Unit Number (PUN) is an internal system identifier of the asset. Drivers can change the Power Unit Number on the tablet only for that specific user; someone else who logs into the same device will be presented with the default PUN listed in Ground Traffic Control. An asset’s Power Unit Number is displayed on the tablet under My Setup, within Roadside View, and within a driver’s output file when transmitted to an officer.
If a driver changes the Power Unit Number value on their tablet, it will never change the assigned default value in Ground Traffic Control. The only area in Ground Traffic Control that will display an asset’s driver edited Power Unit Number is within the Driver Logs report, under the Vehicle Setup tab for that specific driver.
Transferring logs to the roadside officer
When you turn the tablet to Roadside View, this will give enforcement view of the logs only. There is an Export button in the upper right-hand corner where you can either select to export your logs to the FMCSA through the webservice with an identification code supplied by the officer, or you can email the logs directly to FMCSA. In the event that the ELD is in a state where it cannot successfully produce an output file, the carrier can provide an export from the driver logs report in Ground Traffic Control.
The FMCSA has provided a clarification on the correct use of Personal Conveyance.
Personal conveyance is the movement of a CMV for personal use while off-duty. A driver may record time operating a CMV for personal conveyance as off-duty only when the driver is relieved from work and all responsibility for performing work by the motor carrier. The CMV may be used for personal conveyance even if it is laden, provided the load is not being transported for the commercial benefit of the motor carrier at that time. Personal conveyance does not reduce a driver’s or motor carrier’s responsibility to operate a CMV safely. Motor carriers can establish personal conveyance limitations either within the scope of, or more restrictive than, the guidance provided by the FMCSA. An example would be the driver has reached the destination for delivery in the morning, so the driver can use PC to go get a meal and return.
Yard Movement is when a driver is moving in an enclosed area and not on public property including, but not limited to: the terminal yard, customers yard, rail yard, etc. Drivers will continue to be in the YM special duty status if they drive within a geo-fence or drive with speed less than 20 mph outside of a geo-fence. After a power-off cycle, drivers can choose to remain in YM with a simple click of a button.
Diagnostics and Malfunctions
Diagnostic and malfunction events can be found in the Driver's Log list view and also in the notifications drop down menu on the tablet. In addition, the Zonar Logs home tile will display if your device is in an active state of malfunction. There is also an indicator located at the top of the screen in Roadside View to indicate if the ELD is throwing a data diagnostic event or in a state of malfunction. In order to identify what specific diagnostic or malfunction event is generated, you will need to locate the item in the list view and refer to the Zonar Logs ELD user manual for the next course of action.
Paper Logs (if tablet stops working)
It is required that the driver continues to maintain true and accurate paper logs if unable to record logs on their ELD device for a short period of time. If this is a short-term issue such as a driver temporarily leaving a tablet at a job site, a short period of tablet malfunction, etc. it is recommended to utilize the Add Log function once their ELD is capable of properly recording the information again. In the event the driver uses a CMV that does not have an ELD installed, the driver will need to maintain paper logs. This is limited to a maximum of 8 days in a 30-day period.
Carriers are not required to sign off on ELD logs. Carriers may still edit ELD driver logs following a driver’s certification. The tablet stores 14 days of logs including current day, all of which can be edited any time by the driver, and a carrier may suggest edits. If an edit needs to be made to a log older than 14 days that has already been certified by the driver, a carrier can suggest the edits on Ground Traffic Control, and the edit suggestions will be sent to the driver to accept or reject. Once accepted, the driver must recertify the edited days on the tablet.
Carriers can make a driver ELD exempt in Ground Traffic Control. To do this, from the main menu click Manage, then go to Drivers and click Drivers. Click Edit and select the ELD Exempt checkbox on the Modify Driver dialog. Click Save.
ELD Mandatory Requirements In Comparison to AOBRD
|AOBRD:||Required by FMCSA, but has not been defined.|
|ELD:||Required to interface with ECM to automatically capture power & motion status, miles driven, engine hours.|
Recording Location Information
|AOBRD:||Only required at each change of duty status; can be done either manually or automatically.|
|ELD:||Required automatic entry at:
Graph Grid Display
|AOBRD:||Not required, only need time and sequence of duty status changes.|
|ELD:||Must be able to present grid graph of daily duty status, either by display or print out.|
HOS Driver Advisory Message
|ELD:||Unassigned driving time/miles warning at time of login.|
Device “Default” Status
|ELD:||When CMV has not moved for 5 consecutive minutes ELD will prompt the driver. If driver does not respond in 1-minute ELD will default to on-duty not driving. No other non-driver-initiated status changes are permitted.|
Clock Time Drift
|ELD:||Time must be synchronized to UTC. Absolute deviation must not exceed 10 minutes at any time.|
Resistance to Tampering
|AOBRD:||Must be tamper-proof to the maximum extent practical.|
|ELD:||Must not permit alteration or erasure of the original information collected or alteration of the source data streams used to provide that information.|
Identification of Sensor Failures and Edited Data
|AOBRD:||Must identify sensor failures and edited data.|
|ELD:||Must have the capability to monitor its compliance (engine connectivity, timing, positioning, etc.) for detectable malfunctions and data inconsistencies. Such occurrences must be recorded.|